Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that causes behavioral problems in kids and adults. These issues include hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattentiveness. The neurodevelopmental disorder typically is diagnosed before the age of 12. Fortunately, most individuals describe that their symptoms start to improve with age, but others may continue to deal with symptoms as adults.
ADHD is much more common in young boys than it is in girls, but the prevalence evens out in adulthood. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study in 2016 that estimates 6.1 million children in the United States received an ADHD diagnosis.
Schizophrenia is a sometimes severe long-term mental health condition that affects how someone feels, thinks, and behaves. It can involve psychosis and other symptoms, which may include inattention. This disorder is more common in men than women, and the symptoms will appear around the ages of 16 and 30 years. In some cases, however, it can appear in childhood.The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) describes that nearly one percent of the U.S. population struggles with the disorder. Some studies show similarities between the two conditions, and researchers include the following:
The exact causes are not clear, but some experts turn to a combination of genetics and environmental factors that increase the risk of someone developing one of the conditions. Someone with specific genetic features may develop symptoms if they encounter particular triggers, whether the exposure occurs before birth, or during adolescence.
Some of the factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include:
The most common factors that may increase the likelihood of someone developing schizophrenia include:
The only way to determine if you are struggling with these conditions is to reach out for help. A doctor will run a series of tests to find out if the symptoms you complain of stem from either of these disorders.
Medical News Today. What has ADHD to do with schizophrenia?. Nichols, H., Legg, T. Ph.D., CRNP (January 3, 2019) from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/314464.php
U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Data and Statistics About ADHD. Facts about ADHD. (October 15, 2019) from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html
Medical News Today. Understanding the symptoms of schizophrenia. Newman, T., Legg, T. Ph.D., CRNP (December 7, 2019) from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/36942.php
National Alliance on Mental Health. Schizophrenia. (n.d.) from https://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizophrenia
U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Institute of Health. et al. Association between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in childhood and schizophrenia later in adulthood. Dalsgaard S., Mortensen PB, Frydenberg M., Maibing CM, Nordentoft M., Thomsen PH. (September 7, 2013) from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24016863/